Finally, the Mujahideen surrounded Kabul. With their weapons supplied by the West, the siege was relentless. Abdul Rashid Dostum, one of the most effective commanders of Najibullah`s government army, left the government cause and joined Massood`s troops at the Kabul headquarters. In April 1992, UNITED Nations officials reached an agreement with Najibullah to relinquish control of the government, but no body accepted that control. The Majahéheans divided control among the different factions. Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was given the post of prime minister, but he refused to enter Kabul, where his political rival, Ahmed Shah Massood, had control of the city. Najibullah applied for asylum at a UN site in Kabul. Another change in Pakistan`s foreign policy was influenced by the 1972 Simla Agreement, which led to a policy of bilateralism and non-alignment. The ceasefire line in Kashmir has been renamed loC and cashmere.

However, India continued its war policy and, in August 1974, conducted the nuclear test at Pokhran, which led ZA Bhutto to go nuclear. 2008: India joins a framework agreement between Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan on a $7.6 billion pipeline project. A number of Kashmir-specific CMMs have also been agreed (including the authorisation of a triple entry facility). 1906 – The Muslim League is founded as a forum for Indian Muslim separatism. For the first time in nearly 50 years, when the UN Security Council held an emergency meeting on Kashmir following Modi`s government`s decision of 5 August, India avoided calling Kashmir an integral part of the forum and proposed that any resolution be discussed bilaterally. , as agreed in the Simla agreement. U.S. President Donald Trump has also made several offers of mediation, but the Indian government has refused to accept such a proposal by recalling the Simla agreement. However, if Pakistan requests bilateral negotiations with India on Kashmir, India insists that it is an integral part of the country and that all discussions with Pakistan would focus solely on the fight against cross-border terrorism and not on the controversial status of Kashmir. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.

[4] 2015 April – China and Pakistan sign agreements worth billions of dollars to promote infrastructure. They aim to end Pakistan`s chronic energy crisis and transform the country into a regional economic centre. 1966: Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan sign an agreement on 10 January 1966 in Tashkent (now Uzbekistan) agreeing to withdraw from the lines before August and to restore economic and diplomatic relations. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until the armed conflict, the last time during the 1999 Kargil war.

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