The Puritans founded 1630 schools for their sons almost immediately after their arrival in America. They also set up so-called ladies schools for their daughters and taught their daughters to read at home. As a result, Americans were the most educated people in the world. At the time of the American Revolution, there were 40 newspapers in the United States (at a time when there were only two cities, New York and Philadelphia – with up to 20,000 people in them. [51] [52] [53] The decline of the Puritans and churches of the congregation was caused first by practices such as semi-union, and then by the rise of Baptists, Quakers, Anglicans and Presbyterians who thought differently in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. [83] New Jersey remained in the shadow of New York and Pennsylvania for most of the colonial period. Part of the territory ceded by the English crown to the Duke of York in 1664 was in the later colony of New Jersey. The Duke of York, meanwhile, attributed this part of his country to John Berkeley and George Carteret, two close friends and allies of the king. In 1665, Berkeley and Carteret founded a proprietary government under their own leadership.

However, the owners of New Jersey and New York have consistently objected to the exact nature of the New Jersey grant. New Jersey`s legal status became even more entangled when Berkeley sold half of its interest in the colony to two Quakers, who in turn entrusted the administration of the colony to three administrators, one of whom was Penn. The area was then divided into eastern Jersey, controlled by Carteret, and West Jersey, controlled by Penn and other Quaker agents. In 1682, the Quakers bought East Jersey. A large number of owners and administrative uncertainty led the settlers and colonizers to be dissatisfied with the proprietary arrangement, and in 1702 the crown united the two Jerseys into a single royal province. During the crossing, Winthrop preached a sermon entitled “A Model of Christian Charity,” in which he told his followers that they had made an alliance with God, according to which he would make them prosper if they maintained their commitment to God.

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